Foreseeability is the new legal standard courts use to determine civil or criminal negligence during a school emergency incident.

Foreseeability is a person’s ability to anticipate the specific result of an action. Suppose a court decides a reasonable person should have been able to foresee results of an emergency incident causing damage or injury, a school and did nothing to address preparedness for that incident. In that case, there could be civil liability oven criminal charges.


  • We know there will be manmade and natural hazard incidents that will threaten student and staff safety in the future. We know this because data tells us there will be future incidents causing the emergency response to schools.
  • We know there is a need for Digital and Behavioral Threat Assessment at schools because the Secret Service has provided data to prove this need in their 2019 report titled “Protecting America’s Schools.
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International School Safety Institute TM

International School Safety Institute TM